Southeast Asia, one of the world’s fastest growing regions in terms of population and urban growth that recently stimulated by massive economic growth, has been facing with the increase of the average global temperature causing extreme and unusual weather conditions. The weather phenomena which fall outside the boundary of average weather patterns become immediate crises and have a larger impact on the livelihood of people, the reduction of food security, agricultural productivity and health risk. Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960 and become the world most affected by climate change in the past 20 years, according to the Global Climate Risk Index compiled by Germanwatch. This increase resulted in the unusual phenomenon ranging from extreme drought, heat wave, unusual flooding to cold wave causing the unusual frost and snow on its highland of Northern Vietnam. People have to struggle and adapt themselves to the unusual weather condition with the future temperatures are expected to change further and hardly predictable. I, therefore, have an inspiration to raise awareness and bestow understandings upon people with the work aiming to reflect on Environmental Issues that I have done over the past 4 years, it helped to broaden my vision, ideas and understandings of different aspects that prompted me to have an eagerness to continue working so as to provide further information concerning these issues. Additionally, in Summer 2016, Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand faced its worst drought in decades with an extended dry season. It reminds me of my childhood that during the winter time in Northern Thailand the cool period stayed longer than it is at the present time. It felt like the weather patterns have changed and will never turn back” This gave rise to the enthusiasm of the continuation of documenting, making observations and waiting for the opportunities to capture and express the idea and the reality of global climate starting from where I live to various parts of Thailand. In addition, after traveling to countries such as Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam, I have realized that the weather changes are able to cause extreme and unusual weather in Southeast Asia. Meanwhile governments in many countries are trying to increase their economic growth by the exploitation of natural resources which will then lead to deforestation, forest burning, and encroachment. Moreover, the construction of dams will also help increase and aggravate problems of Climate Change threats.
Unseasonably heavy rainfall in Southern Thailand causing widespread flooding, a farmer paddles his way through rubber tree plantations, the economic plant which is the main income to farmers in Southern Thailand.
Burning a huge amount of coal is one of the main effects of increased greenhouse gas emissions of global warming. In Thailand and in many developing countries, coal power are still needed to be used as primary energy of life.Mae Moh coal power plant approximately contributes more than four million tons of carbon dioxide emission in the atmosphere and it is still the main power supply for most of provinces in Northern Thailand.
A dramatic turn in the climate that griped the country during this period ruined farms and farm production. Heavy drought causes a heat wave that eventually destroys plants. Longan, a tropical fruit tree that normally makes important incomes for local farmers. The only thing the owner of this Longan garden can do is to watch the plants die in front of him. May 20, 2016-Doi Lo, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Many homes have been flooded for many weeks from the unseasonably heavy rainfall in Southern
Thailand. The backyard has turned into a large flooded swamp. Surat Thani, Thailand- January 18, 2017.
Flooding has a great impact on farmers’ main income since farmland and arable areas have been flooded. Homes and household assets has been destroyed once they are completely underwater. Farm crops have also been spoiled and are unable to be consumed resulting in food and water shortage. Shan Queen village, Myanmar flood victims in the queue waiting for supports from the government and Non Government Organizations. August 22, 2016.
1.9 millions of people in the 11 southern provinces of Thailand are suffering from flash flood resulted from huge amounts of the off-season rainfall. Surat Thani, Chumphon and some adjacent provinces located at the end of the confluence of many rivers. The rise in sea level can cause extreme flooding over the long period in these areas especially after normal high tide coincides with storm surge. Many thousands of lives have been waiting for the water to drain out soon. January 13, 2017.
Cold wave causes Zero degrees Celsius on high mountains of Lao Cai province in Northern Vietnam resulted in frost covered their peaks. Locals experience this unusual phenomenon. February 5, 2018.
Ang Thong, Thailand. farmers use baskets to cover the Melientha suavis from strong direct sunlight during a period of heavy drought. Normally, the price of this vegetable is relatively high and brings a lucrative income to farmers. May 14, 2016.
Civilian in Kaset Wisai, Roi Et, Thailand is setting up neon lights to trap bugs which is an alternative way to make a living, replacing agriculture in periods of heavy drought. May 5, 2016.
During a change of season, the extended periods of heavy drought conditions accompanied by heavy hail storms and the lightning strike in many areas in Thailand.
Myanmar is facing a long severe flooding, flash flood flows over the upper part of the Ayeyarwady with an increase in the height of waves in the sea resulted in large is in many provinces in the South. High tide flooding in Mawbi county, a villager is paddling his boat inside the temple where it has been flooded for many weeks. Flood victims are living amid high water level which is likely to be encountered with heavy rainfall throughout the rest of rainy season. August 20, 2016.
Local villagers are clearing up the mess and create to survey the damages caused from flash flooding resulting from unseasonal, heavy rains three times in one month. Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand-January 22, 2017.
Laos building the Xayaburi Dam in the middle of Mekong River, this massive hydropower dam will expand the electricity capacity for the country and sell it to countries nearby and make huge economic benefits to becoming the largest energy exporter in the region, or the “Battery of Asia.” Critics say it could threaten fisheries and rice cultivation which in turn could also threaten the livelihoods of millions of people living in the lower parts of the Mekong river and increase long-term environmental threats.
A Lao soldier is guarding a construction worker placing flash powder for exploding rocks for the Dam construction and other parts of the dam including a reservoir length of 60 to 100km, the forest in area alongside the riverbank will be destroyed.
The Mekong River, the 12th longest river in the world is under threat by a total of 11 large hydropower dams planned to be built by the governments of Laos, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia, while China has already completed five dams on the upper reaches of the Mekong while the other three are under construction. It is believed that these hydropower dams are likely to cause integrated environmental impacts and more than 60 million people in the Lower Mekong will have to face threats related to Climate Change.
Construction workers are placing water pipe commuting fresh water to villages that have been affected by the extended drought in the heavy drought period.
Thailand faced the heaviest drought in decades with an extended dry season and temperatures rocketing above 40 degrees Celsius. The late arrival of annual rains and the deficient precipitation resulted in insufficiency of water for domestic and agricultural uses. Phu Pha Man, Khon Kean, Thailand-April 4, 2016.
A firefighter hikes through a forest fire to control the spread of fire occurred during the night time by making a firebreak. 99% of the annual wildfires are caused by humans.
Forest burning from crops has caused air pollution to the city. Asian tourists wear dust protection masks during making a visit to tourist destinations in the smog season. During this time of the year, dry days with cold weather is associated with high pressure system help bring smog into the swamp of pan bottom-like terrain below. This phenomenon is meteorologically called inversion of temperature.
Wildfire occurs during the daytime in a place outside of the city. Widely effects the nearby areas where labors working are covered in haze.
Wat Tham Pha Plong, a temple in the forest of Chiang Dao which is famous for a strict Dhamma practice and mental cultivation. One of the 227 precepts states that it is prohibited to destroy plants but to keep the temple and themselves safe from a wildfire, monks have to rake plant leaves and create a firebreak around the temple.
Young people use sensory activities to awaken their own sense of connection with nature. They have been implanted with the sustainable values of environmental savings by a group of environmental activists.
Thousands of acres of forest have been turned into mono crop agricultural areas. Wildfire occurs every year which is by burning crops together with a period of heavy drought causes a longer widespread of wildfire leaving bald mountains and scarred landscapes, further contributing to global warming and extreme weather events. February 2, 2015.